Certain illnesses are not severe enough to visit the emergency room, but may require care much sooner than when your regular doctor may be able to fit you in. In these cases, such as if you suspect you or a family member are exhibiting symptoms of mononucleosis (mono), you may choose to instead visit a facility specializing in urgent care in Encinitas. But what exactly is mono, which is also known as the “kissing disease?”
It may sound like a silly name for a virus, but mono is nicknamed the kissing disease for a reason. Caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, mono is transferred from person to person via saliva. As a result, kissing is a way that you can contract the disease. But it can also be transferred via sneezing, coughing, or sharing eating utensils or cups with an infected individual. Usually, a person will be exposed to this disease as a young child, and will experience very mild symptoms that may be overlooked. But those who contract the disease as a teenager or young adult may experience the full effects of the virus. These can include fatigue, malaise, sore throat, fever, swollen nymph nodes, swollen tonsils, headache, rash, and swelling of the spleen. Strep throat will often occur along with mono. Symptoms can last for one to four weeks, but it can take up to two months to feel back to normal.
Treatment and Complications
When you go into your facility for urgent care in Encinitas, you will generally receive a general examination of your symptoms. To confirm the diagnosis as mono, your physician may perform blood tests. There is not a specific treatment for mono, as this type of viral infection does not respond to antibiotics. In fact, use of certain antibiotics that are penicillin based can result in the formation of skin rashes. If you have a secondary infection, however, such as strep, you will be treated with other antibiotics. Corticosteroids may also be prescribed for severe swelling of the tonsils or throat. The best treatment for mono tends to be plenty of bed rest with lots of fluids. Over-the-counter pain relievers can be used to help minimize fevers and pain from headaches and sore throat. In some cases, severe swelling of the spleen can occur, and may lead to rupture. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you feel a sharp, sudden pain in your upper abdomen as this could be a sign of a ruptured spleen.